“Civil-State Cooperation” and Integration of Drought Mitigation Implementations

“Civil-State Cooperation” and Integration of Drought Mitigation Implementations

Thailand “Civil-State Cooperation” 2

Prime Minister, General Yongyuth Chan-ocha has set a policy for all concerned agencies to join hands through the Civil-State Cooperation Mechanism for drought mitigation in short, medium, and long terms.

Drought mitigation has been implemented according to the Drought Prevention and Mitigation Plans for 2015-2016, consisting of 16 measures namely; 2 assistance measures, 3 mitigation measures, and 11 solving measures.

2 assistance measures are to:
1. Employ farmers to help generate their incomes
2. Distribute save water for consumption

3 mitigation measures are to:
1. Refill water to community water sources
2. Desalinize sea water
3. Use more groundwater

11 solving measures are divided into structural and non-structural measures as follows:
Structural measures are:
1. One Village One Water Supply (OVOWS) project
2. Water retaining ponds using existing roads, regulators, and paddy field-ponds
3. Provide extra water sources for water supply production in Special Economic Zones
4. Build temporary weirs
5. Reuse treated water
6. Increase storage capacity of reservoirs
7. Repair and build more water supply systems
8. Refill water to large reservoirs

Non-structural measures are:
1. Controlling opening and closing of water gates as appropriate
2. Reducing water evaporation by getting rid of floating plants, and etc.
3. Campaigning for less water use in all sectors, emphasizing participation

Water Resources Regional Offices (WRRO) 1-11 of the Department of Water Resources responded to PM’s policy by implementing many activities accordingly.  For example, WRRO 1 established Save Water Production and Service Center with several water service outlets managed by river basin networks, water user groups, Tambon (sub-district) Administration Organization, and local people residing around the center and outlets.  The Save Water Production Center is in charge of save drinking water production while the water service outlets provide water for household consumption.  WRRO 2 conveyed water with water trucks to refill water sources used by the Provincial Waterworks Authority for production of provincial water supply.  WRRO 9 built Civil-State Cooperation Weirs to maintain ecosystems, and at the same time, gain more natural water sources.

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